About 40 million years ago, Kenya’s Great Rift Valley was formed and in the hollows of this Rift Valley, some of the oldest, largest and deepest lakes in the world now lie. Kenya’s lakes – both fresh water and alkaline – sustain an astonishing diversity of life. On the western side of the country, just 30km apart, lie Lake Baringo and Lake Bogoria – both scenically spectacular, but each very different from one another.
Lake Bogoria, a shallow alkaline lake, is most famous for the flamingos that line its white salty shores. Migratory by nature, tens of thousands of flamingos can live together in a single colony, and they often put on a graceful display of formation flying. Bogoria’s shores are also home to Greater Kudu, buffalo, zebra and smaller plains game. With 200 geysers and hot springs dotted along its shoreline, it is also a geologist’s paradise with simmering geothermal activity and thrilling eruptions. Due to these unique features, stunning views and amazing birdlife, Lake Bogoria was gazetted as a National Park in 1973.
In contrast, Lake Baringo offers a cultural highlight, with the Njemp fishermen who continue a traditional lifestyle little-changed in over 200 years. Enormous basalt cliffs and extensive volcanic ranges are testimony to Baringo’s origins, and this beautiful fresh-water lake with its stunning sunsets is a critical habitat for nearly 500 bird species, hippo and crocodile.